Essentials for Leaders: Police Consolidation and Shared Services: Identifying, Developing and Sharing Lessons. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 2016.

This executive summary overviews research and resources developed to provide independent information to assist communities and decision makers in understanding, implementing, and assessing alternatives to the delivery of police service. Coverage includes findings regarding a wide range of research on police consolidation and shared services, including mergers, regionalization, contracting, public safety consolidation and deconsolidation, civilianization, engaging stakeholders, and working with the media. Also discussed are a web-portal and series of videos developed to share information and resources about police consolidation and shared services.…

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Police Staffing Levels: Disaggregating the Variation. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, Vol. 38 (4): 820-839, 2015.

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between community type classifications and police strength. Prior research has examined other correlates, but no attempts have been made previously to examine the relationship between community type (as outlined and defined by Chinni and Gimpel, 2010) and police staffing levels. Read More

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Strategies for Police Recruitment: A Review of Trends, Contemporary Issues, and Existing Approaches. Program on Police Consolidation and Shared Services, Michigan State University, Research Report, 2014.

The recession beginning in 2008 caused many unprecedented difficulties for sustaining police workforces throughout the United States. Over time, law enforcement has experienced increased responsibilities and difficulties attracting and hiring qualified, diverse, and skilled personnel. Read More

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Police Staffing Allocation and Managing Workload Demand: A Critical Assessment of Existing Practices. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, Vol. 8 (2): 96-108, 2014.

Police agencies take a variety of approaches to determining their staffing allocation needs. Based on a review of the literature, interviews with practitioners representing 20 diverse agencies across the USA and national focus group of 21 staffing experts, this article assesses current trends and experiences in staffing allocation. Read More

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Measurement and Association in the Structure of Municipal Police Organizations. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, Special Issue: Police Management and Organizational Issues, Vol. 26 (2): 276-297, 2003.

This research investigates whether various structural elements of municipal police departments are indicative of two latent constructs by developing and testing measurement models representing structural complexity and control. Read More

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Articulating the Dynamic Police Staffing Challenge: An Examination of Supply and Demand. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, Vol. 35 (2): 327-355, 2012.

This work aims to summarize literature on police recruitment and retention and how changing conditions may affect these. It uses a bucket metaphor to conceptualize and present visually how these changing conditions can interact with each other and create a dynamic police staffing challenge. Read More

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Essentials for Leaders: A Performance-Based Approach to Police Staffing and Allocation. US Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), 2012.

The COPS [Community Oriented Policing Services] Office presents this Essentials for Leaders, which provides summaries of existing and new COPS Office publications and resources, tailored for executives. ‘Essentials for Leaders: A Performance-Based Approach to Staffing and Allocation’ provides a practical step-by-step approach for any agency to assess its own patrol staffing needs based upon its workload and performance objectives. Read More

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