Police Staffing

Evidence-Based Planning in the National Park Service: Using Data to Inform Law Enforcement Decision Making and Deployment. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, 2019.

In the fall of 2016, we launched a collaborative effort to study law enforcement staffing for the National Park Service. As part of this research, this report aims to illustrate for park law enforcement leadership how data and analysis can inform deployment and strategy. Primary topics covered include crime analysis, traffic accident analysis, call for service data, work schedules, problem-oriented policing, and program evaluation.

Read More

Law Enforcement in the National Park Service: An Assessment of the Demand for and Allocation of Rangers. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, 2019.

This report summarizes the lessons we developed as part of an assessment of law enforcement in the National Park Service. It examines the staffing landscape and what rangers do, key management issues, as well as various approaches to determining staffing levels. Importantly, it offers a new data-driven approach to ranger staffing that integrates principles of operational risk management.

Read More

Ranger Staffing for the National Park Service: A Guide for Meeting Workload Demand and Operational Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, 2019.

Based on a national assessment of law enforcement provision in the National Park Service, this guide illustrates a data-driven approach for estimating the appropriate number of rangers that should be assigned to a park to meet strategic objectives and conform to the principles of operational risk management.

Read More

Law Enforcement in the National Park Service: An Assessment of the Investigative Services Branch and Office of Professional Responsibility. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, 2019.

As part of a national assessment of law enforcement provision in the National Park Service (NPS), this report summarizes an examination of personnel and workload for the Investigative Services Branch (ISB) and the Office of Professional Responsibility (OPR). ISB provides investigative services for offenses committed at NPS sites whereas OPR investigates complaints against NPS personnel.

Read More

Essentials for Leaders: Police Consolidation and Shared Services: Identifying, Developing and Sharing Lessons. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 2016.

This executive summary overviews research and resources developed to provide independent information to assist communities and decision makers in understanding, implementing, and assessing alternatives to the delivery of police service. Coverage includes findings regarding a wide range of research on police consolidation and shared services, including mergers, regionalization, contracting, public safety consolidation and deconsolidation, civilianization, engaging stakeholders, and working with the media. Also discussed are a web-portal and series of videos developed to share information and resources about police consolidation and shared services.…

Read More

Police Staffing Levels: Disaggregating the Variation. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, Vol. 38 (4): 820-839, 2015.

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between community type classifications and police strength. Prior research has examined other correlates, but no attempts have been made previously to examine the relationship between community type (as outlined and defined by Chinni and Gimpel, 2010) and police staffing levels. Read More

Read More

Strategies for Police Recruitment: A Review of Trends, Contemporary Issues, and Existing Approaches. Program on Police Consolidation and Shared Services, Michigan State University, Research Report, 2014.

The recession beginning in 2008 caused many unprecedented difficulties for sustaining police workforces throughout the United States. Over time, law enforcement has experienced increased responsibilities and difficulties attracting and hiring qualified, diverse, and skilled personnel. Read More

Read More

Police Staffing Allocation and Managing Workload Demand: A Critical Assessment of Existing Practices. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, Vol. 8 (2): 96-108, 2014.

Police agencies take a variety of approaches to determining their staffing allocation needs. Based on a review of the literature, interviews with practitioners representing 20 diverse agencies across the USA and national focus group of 21 staffing experts, this article assesses current trends and experiences in staffing allocation. Read More

Read More