Research

Attitudes Toward the Police in Communities Using Different Consolidation Models. International Criminal Justice Review, Vol. 30(2): 219-234, 2020.

We surveyed residents in four communities with alternative models of policing: a merged department, two agencies that contracts for services, and a regional agency. We asked residents about their confidence in the police. We found that the type of police model was an important predictor of police confidence, controlling for other traditional measures of attitudes toward the police. Read More

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Evidence-Based Planning in the National Park Service: Using Data to Inform Law Enforcement Decision Making and Deployment. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, 2019.

In the fall of 2016, we launched a collaborative effort to study law enforcement staffing for the National Park Service. As part of this research, this report aims to illustrate for park law enforcement leadership how data and analysis can inform deployment and strategy. Primary topics covered include crime analysis, traffic accident analysis, call for service data, work schedules, problem-oriented policing, and program evaluation.

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Law Enforcement in the National Park Service: An Assessment of the Demand for and Allocation of Rangers. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, 2019.

This report summarizes the lessons we developed as part of an assessment of law enforcement in the National Park Service. It examines the staffing landscape and what rangers do, key management issues, as well as various approaches to determining staffing levels. Importantly, it offers a new data-driven approach to ranger staffing that integrates principles of operational risk management.

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Ranger Staffing for the National Park Service: A Guide for Meeting Workload Demand and Operational Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, 2019.

Based on a national assessment of law enforcement provision in the National Park Service, this guide illustrates a data-driven approach for estimating the appropriate number of rangers that should be assigned to a park to meet strategic objectives and conform to the principles of operational risk management.

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Law Enforcement in the National Park Service: An Assessment of the Investigative Services Branch and Office of Professional Responsibility. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Interior, National Park Service, 2019.

As part of a national assessment of law enforcement provision in the National Park Service (NPS), this report summarizes an examination of personnel and workload for the Investigative Services Branch (ISB) and the Office of Professional Responsibility (OPR). ISB provides investigative services for offenses committed at NPS sites whereas OPR investigates complaints against NPS personnel.

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Designing a Total Business Solution Approach to Brand Protection. Brand Protection Professional, Vol. 3 (4): 32-33, 2018.

Brand protection is most effective when implemented as a total business solution, integrating and coordinating key functions across the enterprise toward a common goal. This article reports on benchmark data from 42 respondents (mostly representing brand-owning firms) that identify the key functions that need to be integrated as well as the specific tactics they can implement. Read More

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A Systematic Analysis of Product Counterfeiting Schemes, Offenders, and Victims in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice, 2019.

Despite being a global, growing risk, little systematic research has been conducted on the nature of product counterfeiting schemes. This research examines 196 schemes involving pharmaceutical, electronics, or food counterfeiting where at least one participant was indicted in a U.S. court between 2000 and 2015. The schemes involved 551 individual and 310 business offenders that resulted in trademark violations of 146 brands.

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Officer Views in Contracting, Merger, and Hybrid Agencies. Policing: An International Journal, Vol. 42 (2): 270-283, 2019.

The purpose of this paper is to assess officer perceptions of consolidation of law enforcement agencies under three specific models: contracting, merger and a hybrid of regionalization and contracting. A survey was administered to 139 officers employed by four agencies using one of the models of interest. Officers generally support consolidation, but views vary by agency type. Officers in the contracting agencies, for example, generally viewed consolidation as less cost effective than officers in other agencies viewed it, but were more…

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