Research

Consolidation of Police and Fire Services in the United States. International Criminal Justice Review, Vol. 27 (3), 203-221, 2017.

More than 100 municipalities across the United States have consolidated their police, fire, and emergency medical services into a single, consolidated agency. As initial reasons to consolidate change or diminish, some agencies have deconsolidated, but many remained consolidated. In this work, we use perspectives of contingency theory and institutional theory of organizations to explore why agencies may remain consolidated. Data and insights are drawn from two expert panels and a series of seven case studies. We found contingency theory helps explain why…

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Partnerships and the Battle Against Product Counterfeits. A-CAPP Backgrounder Series. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection, 2017.

Partnerships among brand owners, governments, academics, consumers, and other stakeholders are essential to tackling the pervasive and persistent global problem of product counterfeiting. This Backgrounder highlights the importance of these partnerships, the need for widespread recognition of the shared nature of problems, and the development of solutions across companies and industries. Read More

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The 2016 A-CAPP Center Brand Protection Strategy Summit: Emerging Challenges, and Progress. Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection Paper Series. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University, 2017.

This paper serves as a summit proceedings report for the 2016 Michigan State University Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection Brand Protection Strategy Summit. It highlights many of the discussions that took place during the October 4-5 event. Read More

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Liabilities and Responsibilities: Ocean Transportation Intermediaries (OTIs) and the Distribution of Counterfeit Goods. Maritime Economics and Logistics, Vol. 19 (1), 182-187, 2017.

Ocean transportation intermediaries (OTIs) play a crucial role in the distribution of counterfeit goods across the globe. This article describes how OTIs can be held liable for intellectual property rights violations when they ship counterfeit goods. Additionally, this article proposes several practices that OTIs can adopt to mitigate their exposure to intellectual property rights liabilities. Read More

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Adopting Alternative Models of Police Service in Small U.S. Communities. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, Vol. 11 (1): 39-51, 2017.

The issues that communities and agencies face when considering whether to adopt an alternative model of police service vary by type of consolidation, level of structural change, local preferences and circumstances, and a wide-array of other variables. Drawing from the literature, a focus group of practitioners, and case studies of four communities that consolidated services in different ways, this research examines the transition process, challenges, and successes of implementing alternative service delivery models. It concludes with a set of themes…

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