A Preliminary Investigation of Pharmaceutical Counterfeiters in the United States. Journal of Qualitative Criminal Justice and Criminology, Vol. 7 (1): 49-74, 2018.

The extant literature lacks a systematic investigation of the specific roles undertaken within pharmaceutical counterfeiting schemes. We attempt to address this knowledge gap through an analysis of individuals convicted in federal court of counterfeiting offenses related to U.S.-based pharmaceutical counterfeiting incidents. From our investigation we identified six distinct roles that can classify an individual’s involvement in a pharmaceutical counterfeiting scheme: Key/Lead, Supporting, Sales/Distribution to Legitimate Others, Sales/Distribution to Illegitimate Others, Production, and Purchase. Through an examination of these roles and…

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The Effects of Police Contracting on Crime: An Examination of Compton, California. Journal of Experimental Criminology, Vol. 14 (1): 59-81, 2018.

The utility of police consolidation, and in particular police contracting of services, has received widespread attention in academic and practitioner circles. However, the bulk of empirical research centers on potential fiduciary benefits; only limited scholarship has explored the possibility that changes in police services may correspond with differences in crimes solved and offenses observed. To address this gap, we examine consolidation in police services in a historically high crime, disadvantaged urban setting (Compton, California), which began contracting with the Los…

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Consolidation of Police and Fire Services in the United States. International Criminal Justice Review, Vol. 27 (3), 203-221, 2017.

More than 100 municipalities across the United States have consolidated their police, fire, and emergency medical services into a single, consolidated agency. As initial reasons to consolidate change or diminish, some agencies have deconsolidated, but many remained consolidated. In this work, we use perspectives of contingency theory and institutional theory of organizations to explore why agencies may remain consolidated. Data and insights are drawn from two expert panels and a series of seven case studies. We found contingency theory helps explain why…

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Partnerships and the Battle Against Product Counterfeits. A-CAPP Backgrounder Series. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection, 2017.

Partnerships among brand owners, governments, academics, consumers, and other stakeholders are essential to tackling the pervasive and persistent global problem of product counterfeiting. This Backgrounder highlights the importance of these partnerships, the need for widespread recognition of the shared nature of problems, and the development of solutions across companies and industries. Read More

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The 2016 A-CAPP Center Brand Protection Strategy Summit: Emerging Challenges, and Progress. Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection Paper Series. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University, 2017.

This paper serves as a summit proceedings report for the 2016 Michigan State University Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection Brand Protection Strategy Summit. It highlights many of the discussions that took place during the October 4-5 event. Read More

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Featured Research

A Performance-Based Approach to Police Staffing and Allocation

U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services

Brand Protection and the Global Risk of Product Counterfeits: A Total Business Solution Approach

Edward Elgar Publishing