Research

The Global Risk of Product Counterfeiting: Facilitators of the Criminal Opportunity. Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection Backgrounder Series, 2015.

Product counterfeiting represents a growing, global risk that poses many negative consequences for consumers, businesses, governments, national security, the economy, and society. Research suggests that the first step in formulating effective strategies to combat such crime is to understand what shapes the nature of the criminal opportunity. This Backgrounder highlights facilitators of product counterfeiting opportunity. Read More

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Charting the Course: The Roles and Responsibilities of Ocean Going Transportation Intermediaries in the Distribution of Counterfeit Goods. Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection Paper Series, 2015.

Whether they know it or not, ocean transportation intermediaries (OTIs) play a crucial role in the distribution of counterfeit goods across the globe. When these companies provide their services to product counterfeiters, they contribute to the proliferation of criminal schemes, and may expose themselves to criminal and civil liability. Read More

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Brand Protection 2020: Perspectives on the Issues Shaping the Global Risk and Response to Product Counterfeiting. Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection Paper Series, 2015.

Counterfeit products are a significant global risk to brands and those who hold intellectual property rights to them. Given consumer and organizational dependence on branded products, virtually everyone is vulnerable to counterfeits and has a stake in preventing, identifying, and responding to their occurrence. Read More

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Transitioning to Alternative Models of Policing Service: Focus Groups and Case Studies Provide Insights. Public Management, Vol. 97 (8): 16-18, 2015.

The Great Recession and its aftermath had a huge impact on local policing, with agencies furloughing, laying off, or defunding positions. Given the fact that public-safety costs consume significant portions of the general-fund budget for local governments, agencies have sought ways to consolidate, merge, or share police services. Read More  

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Pathways to Consolidation: Taking Stock of Transitions to Alternate Models of Police Service. US Dept Of Justice, Office Of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), 2015.

Although consolidating and sharing public safety services has received much attention in recent years, such efforts are not new. Moreover, despite the many communities that have in one way or another consolidated or shared these services, the process of doing so has not become any easier. Read More

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Police Staffing Levels: Disaggregating the Variation. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, Vol. 38 (4): 820-839, 2015.

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between community type classifications and police strength. Prior research has examined other correlates, but no attempts have been made previously to examine the relationship between community type (as outlined and defined by Chinni and Gimpel, 2010) and police staffing levels. Read More

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Deconsolidation of Public-Safety Agencies Providing Police and Fire Services. International Criminal Justice Review, Vol. 25 (4): 361-378, 2015.

In recent years, a growing number of communities have consolidated their police and fire agencies into a single “public-service” agency. Consolidation has appealed to communities seeking to achieve efficiency and cost-effectiveness, but resistance has arisen from organized labor and firefighters. Read More

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Staff Perceptions of Public Safety Consolidation: A Multi-Site Assessment. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Institute for Public Policy and Social Research, 2014.

Michigan has pioneered public safety consolidation and its public-safety departments have often served as models for other communities moving toward consolidation. Understanding how such efforts have fared in Michigan can yield insights on how they might fare elsewhere. To that end, this research surveyed public-safety personnel at three Michigan departments for their perspectives on consolidation.  

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Distinguishing Counterfeit from Authorized Retailers in the Virtual Marketplace. Center for Anti-Counterfeiting and Product Protection Backgrounder Series, 2014.

This brief summarizes research on the characteristics of legitimate and counterfeit websites for a luxury apparel maker and a brand-name audio electronics manufacturer. Counterfeit websites had some distinguishing characteristics likely linked to their transient nature, but also show some effort to “look” like an authorized website. Read More

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